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Students will be able to
- 1) Determine bond polarity between two atoms (ionic, covalent, etc).
- 2) Explain and to create energy diagram of a Habor cycle of an Ionic compound including Lattice Energy.
- 3) Determine differences in Lattice Energies of various ionic compounds and the components that determine strength of Lattice Energy.
- 4) Explain the differences of bond energies including number of bonds and types of elements bonding.
- 5) Determine the Heat of Reaction using bond energies. Remember, this difference is Reactant - Product (not like any other Thermo property that is Product - Reactant.
- 6) Name and explain the three different parts of the Localized Electron Theory (bonding model): 1) Lewis Dot Structure (LDS), 2) VSEPR, and 3 )Hybridization
- 7) Determine correct Lewis Dot Structure (LDS) for simple covalently bonded species (either molecular compounds or polyatomic ions) including memorizing of Rule of Eight (or Octet rule)
- 8) Know when to use Resonance structure and what they mean including "actual" structures.
- 9) Using a LDS, use VSEPR (Valence Shell Electron Pair Repulsion) to determine the shape or geometry of the species.
- 10) Understand and utilize Formal charge rules to determine the "true" LDS structure of the various number of possible (that follow the LDS rules) structures.
- 11) Explain the Hybridization of central atoms including sigma and pi bonds (and which has the greatest energy.
Metallic Bonds and Alloys
- 12) Be able to explain how valence electrons and cations relate in a metallic bond.
- 13) Be able to explain the difference between Interstitial alloys and Substitutional alloys with respect to the particles that make these mixtures.
Students will be able to:
- 14) Name and/or write the chemical formula for all simple Alkanes, Alkenes and Alkynes. Also will be able to explain the bonding for each of these major families of organic compounds.
15) Name and/or write the chemical formula for the major functional groups.NOT FOR 2019-2020
- 16) Be able to identify and name the major isomers (both structural and geometric).
- 17) Need to be able to recognize organic chemical formula (i.e. CH3- is all there H single bonded to the central C with one additional single bond of C for another element)
- 18) Be able to determine the number of sigma and Pi bonds for elements in organic compounds.
- 19) Be able to determine the hybridization of each element in an organic compounds